Upon arriving at the temple on Monday, Nisan 10, Jesus acts on what he saw the preceding afternoon. He starts ‘to throw out those selling and buying in the temple, and he overturns the tables of the money changers and the benches of those selling doves; and he does not let anyone carry a utensil through the temple.’—Mark 11:15-17.
JESUS’ actions reflect what he did three years before when he visited the temple at the Passover of 30 C.E. The denunciation, however, is more pungent this time. The merchants in the temple are now referred to as “robbers.” (Luke 19:45, 46; John 2:13-16)
As Jesus continues teaching in the temple, he declares: “The hour has come for the Son of man to be glorified.” Yes, he knows that he has only a few days of human life left. After, Jesus relating how a grain of wheat must die in order to bear fruit—corresponding to his own dying and becoming a means to impart everlasting life to others. —John 12:23-26.
Thinking about his agonizing death that is only four days away, Jesus continues: “Now my soul is troubled, and what shall I say? Father, save me out of this hour.” But what awaits Jesus cannot be avoided. “Nevertheless,” he says, “this is why I have come to this hour.” Indeed, Jesus is in agreement with the entire arrangement of God. (John 12:27)
Being deeply concerned about how his Father’s reputation will be affected by his death, Jesus prays: “Father, glorify your name.” To the amazement of the crowd gathered at the temple, a voice comes out of heaven, proclaiming: “I both glorified it and will glorify it again.” The Great Teacher uses this opportunity to tell the crowd why the voice has been heard, what the consequences of his death will be, and why they need to exercise faith. (John 12:28-36)
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